Personality is peoples characteristic thoughts, emotional responses and behaviors.
Personality traits are a pattern of thought, emotion and behavior that is relatively consistent overtime and across situations, Traits are dispositions to think, act or feel in predictable ways in certain situations.
The Dynamic organization within an individual, of those psychological systems that determine characteristic behavior and thought.
Personality disorders emerge from a combination of biological, psychological and social factors. Personality traits, and consequently, some personality disorders run in families.
Five Factor Model of Personality:
Openness to Experience-curious about world and open to new ideas.
Conscientiousness-organized, focused and goal oriented
Agreeableness- comparison to others and concerned about others
Neuroticism- Tendency to feel bad
Few Basic facts:
- Avoidant personality : extremely shy and it interferes with life
- Histrionic Personality: never display shyness and comfortable when they are center of attention
- paranoid: suspiciouness of others
- schizoid: inability to form and lack social relations
- schizotypal: strange thought patterns, magical thinking and odd perceptions
- narcisstic: overly self involved, views self as special and deserves special attention
- antisocial: manipulates people and have history of conduct disorders in childhood
- borderline: moody, fears abandonment,feels empty, self mutilates, or attempts suicide.
- dependent: has difficulty being alone
- obsessive: excessive concern with details, orderliness and rules, difficulty relaxing and having fun.
Cluster A- ODD/WEIRD——-PARANOID, SCHIZOID, SCHIZOTYPAL
Cluster B-IMPULSIVE/WILD—ANTISOCIAL, BORDERLINE,HISTRIONIC, NARCISSTIC
Cluster C-ANXIOUS/WORRIED-AVOIDANT, DEPENDENT, OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE
Management of personality disorders:
- reduce patient distress
- minimize interpersonal relations
- increase patient’s awareness of his or her own behaviors
- change behaviors
- change structure of patient personality.
Psychotherapies used to treat personality disorders:
- cognitive behavioral therapy
- interpersonal psychotherapy
- dialectical behavior therapy
- Michael Gazzaniga, Todd Heatherton, Diane Halpern: Psychological Science, 5th edition, Norton Publicaitons, Page No: 547-597.